World AIDS Day, held December 1 every year, is “an opportunity for people worldwide to unite in the fight against HIV, show their support for people living with HIV and to commemorate people who have died.”
Of the nearly 40 million people all around the globe affected by AIDS, more than 50 percent have received a significant reduction in the HIV infection by antiretroviral treatment. Africa is the most affected region by HIV/AIDS in the world, particularly among young women.
The general public can actively engage their community and take strides towards remarkably decreasing the incidence of HIV and AIDS amongst people of all age groups, be it young adults, middle-aged or the elderly.
HIV and AIDS
HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus, which attacks the immune system in the body of an individual. As a result, the affected person becomes unable to efficiently combat any microbial pathogens invading the body and cannot control the progression of grave disorders like cancers and neurodegenerative ailments like Alzheimer’s, dementia etc.
This leads to the patient becoming immunodeficient, meaning they develop a compromised immune system with weakened defenses against any foreign components targeting the body.
When the HIV virus evolves to the maximum extent in the body of the affected individual, it manifests itself as Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS).
This condition causes certain severe cancers like breast cancer, prostate cancer, reproductive malfunctions, and metastasizing infections.
The best ways to prevent the spread of HIV and avert contracting the fatal condition of AIDS is to limit exposure to the risk factors.
Some effective measures in this regard comprise:
- Use of condoms while engaging in sexual intercourse
- Frequent testing for signs of any STIs (Sexually Transmitted Infections)
- Ensuring fresh syringes and needles are used in hospitals, both by healthcare providers and for use in patients
- Checking blood transfusion equipment to make sure it is sanitized and hygienic, prior to donating or receiving an infusion of blood
Finally, every person residing in every segment of society must be aware of the hazards of unprotected sexual intercourse and the serious complications it can result in. In this manner, the spread and occurrence of HIV and AIDS infections can be reduced significantly.
How Can HIV And AIDS Be Treated?
Antiretroviral drugs are the primary course of treatment for those affected by HIV. These medications control the spread of the HIV virus in the body of the patient and also effectively avert the transmission of HIV and AIDS onto other healthy individuals.